11 types of skin conditions that cause eczema

11 types of skin conditions that cause eczema插图

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11 types of skin conditions that cause eczema

What are eczema symptoms and signs?

How do health care professionals diagnose eczema?

Medical Author:Gary W. Cole, MD, FAAD

Medical Editor:William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR

11 types of skin conditions that cause eczema

What are eczema symptoms and signs?

How do health care professionals diagnose eczema?

Patient Comments: Eczema – Treatment

Patient Comments: Eczema – Symptoms and Signs

Patient Comments: Eczema – Experience

Patient Comments: Eczema – Home Remedies

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Eczemais not a single health condition but a recognizable reaction pattern seen in a number of skin diseases.

Atopic dermatitis, a common cause ofeczema, is more prevalent in those withasthmaandhay fever.

Eczemasigns and symptoms include tinyblisters(vesicles) that can weep and ooze, eventually producing crusted, thickened plaques of skin. It is almost always quiteitchy.

It is important to distinguish the different causes of eczema because effective treatments often differ.

If eczema is produced by skin exposure to a specific substance, it can be helpful to avoid it.

Keeping the skin healthy and moisturized can prevent certain kinds of eczema.

Rather than a specific health condition, eczema is a reaction pattern that the skin produces in a number of diseases. It begins as red, raised tiny blisters containing a clear fluid atop red, elevated plaques. When the blisters break, the affected skin will weep and ooze. In older eczema, chronic eczema, the blisters are less prominent and the skin is thickened, elevated, and scaling. Eczema almost always is veryitchy.

11 types of skin conditions that cause eczema

There are at least 11 distinct types ofskin conditionsthat produce eczema. In order to develop a rational treatment plan, it is important to distinguish them. This is often not easy.

: This health condition has a genetic basis and produces a common type of eczema.Atopic dermatitistends to begin early in life in those with a predisposition to, but it probably does not have anallergicbasis. Characteristically,rashesoccur on the cheeks, neck, elbow and knee creases, and ankles.

: This occurs when the skin is repeatedly exposed to excessive washing or toxic substances.

: After repeated exposures to the same substance, anallergen, the bodys immune recognition system becomes activated at the site of the next exposure and produces dermatitis. An example of this would be.

: It commonly occurs on the swollen lower legs of people who have poor circulation in the veins of the legs.

: This can produce a pattern identical to many other types of eczema, but the fungus can be visualized with a scraping under the microscope or grown in culture.

: Its caused by an infestation by the humanand may produce arashvery similar to other forms of eczema.

: This is a common but poorly understood health condition which classically affects the hands and occasionally thefeetby producing an itchyrashcomposed of tiny blisters (vesicles) on the sides of the fingers or toes and palms or soles.

: It produces thickened plaques of skin commonly found on the shins and neck.

: This is a nonspecific term for coin-shaped plaques of scaling skin most often on the lower legs of older individuals.

: The skin willcrackand ooze if dryness becomes excessive.

: It produces a rash on thescalp, face, ears, and occasionally the mid-chest in adults. In infants, it can produce a weepy, oozy rash behind the ears and can be quite extensive, involving the entire body.

Eczema is an inflammatory condition of the skin that is very common. There are different types of eczema, including atopic dermatitis, contact eczema, neurodermatitis, allergic contact eczema, and others.

Symptoms, signs, and severity can depend upon the exact type of eczema that is present. The location of the skin inflammation also varies according to the type and cause of eczema. Signs and symptoms associated with eczema include patches of chronically itchy, dry, thickened skin, usually on the hands, neck, face, and legs, inner creases of the knees and elbows. If the irritated areas are scratched, dry patches of skin and open sores with crusts may develop and may become infected.

Almost all patients with eczema complain ofitching. Since the appearance of most types of eczema is similar, elevated plaques of red, bumpy skin, the distribution of the eruption can be of great help in distinguishing one type from another. For example, stasis dermatitis occurs most often on the lower leg whileatopic dermatitisoccurs in the front of the elbow and behind the knee.

Eczema often is treated by family physicians, but since there are many causes of eczema, it may be necessary to seek help from a health specialist if things are not improving. Most dermatologists specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of all forms of eczema.

How do health care professionals diagnose eczema?

An accurate diagnosis requires an examination of the entire skin surface and a careful health history. It is important for a doctor to rule out curable conditions caused by infectious organisms. Occasionally, a sample of skin (biopsy) may be sent for examination in a laboratory.

The treatment of acute eczema where there is significant weeping and oozing requires repeated cycles of application of dilute solutions of vinegar or tap water often in the form of a compress followed by evaporation. This is most often conveniently performed by placing the affected body part in front of a fan after the compress. Once the acute weeping has diminished, then topical steroid (such as triamcinolone cream) applications can be an effective treatment. In extensive disease, systemic steroids may need to be utilized either orally or by an injection (shot).

Mild eczema may respond to compresses composed of tepid water followed by room air evaporation. Chronic eczema can be improved by applying water followed by an emollient (moisturizing cream or lotion). Mild eczema can be effectively treated with nonprescription 1% hydrocortisone cream.

The role ofdietin atopic dermatitis is controversial. There is little compelling evidence thatdietplays a significant role for majority of people who have eczema, no matter which type they have.

Each type of eczema requires a specific sort of therapy. The easiest eczemas to cure permanently are those caused by fungi andscabiesAllergic contact eczemacan be cured if a specific allergenic substance can be identified and avoided.

Eczema caused by fungi andscabiesis transmissible to others. None of the other types of eczema arecontagious.

Most of the patients with eczema do quite well under the care of a dermatologist who has made an accurate diagnosis. Occasionally, eczema can become infected by microorganisms, such a staphylococci orherpessimplex virus. This is because the normal barrier function of the skin has been damaged by the inflammatory condition. In this situation, the infection could be contagious and require antibiotics treatment. An important signal would be the development offeverand pustules, pluspainat the site of the rash.

The judicious use of moisturizing creams or ointments can be an effective treatment for many people in preventing certain types of eczema.

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Asthma is a condition in which hyperreactive airways constrict and result in symptoms like wheezing, coughing, and shortness of breath. Causes of asthma include genetics, environmental factors, personal history of allergies, and other factors. Asthma is diagnosed by a physician based on a patients family history and results from lung function tests and other exams. Inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) and long-acting bronchodilators (LABAs) are used in the treatment of asthma. Generally, the prognosis for a patient with asthma is good. Exposure to allergens found on farms may protect against asthma symptoms.

Eczema is a general term for many types dermatitis (skin inflammation). Atopic dermatitis is the most common of the many types of eczema. Other types of eczema include: contact eczema, allergic contact eczema, seborrheic eczema, nummular eczema, stasis dermatitis, and dyshidrotic eczema.

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Birthmarks can appear on the head, over the eye, or anywhere on the skin. To learn more about birthmarks explore this medical image gallery. Get information about birthmark pigmentation, color changes and health risks of birthmarks.

Cupping is a type of traditional Chinese medicine that stimulates the flow of chi (qi, or energy) within the body. There are a few different types of cupping: air, fire, wet, and the sliding cups technique. Cupping purports to bring impurities to the skins surface and remove toxins. Oftentimes, cupping leaves marks, or bruises, on the skin.

A particular type of inflammatory reaction of the skin in which there are typically vesicles (tiny blister-like raised areas) in the first stage followed by erythema (reddening), edema (swelling), papules (bumps), and crusting of the skin followed, finally, by lichenification (thickening) and scaling of the skin. See a picture of Eczema and learn more about the health topic.

Does dry, itchy, flaky, scaly, red, inflamed skin sound familiar to you? Take the Atopic Eczema (Atopic Dermatitis) Quiz to learn more about the causes, symptoms, and treatments of this common skin condition.

Hay fever (allergic rhinitis) is an irritation of the nose caused by pollen and is associated with the following allergic symptoms: nasal congestion, runny nose, sneezing, eye and nose itching, and tearing eyes. Avoidance of known allergens is the recommended treatment, but if this is not possible, antihistamines, decongestants, and nasal sprays may help alleviate symptoms.

Do you know what heat rash looks like? Prickly heat is an itchy skin problem. It can cause pus-filled papules (blisters), red bumps, discomfort, and itching skin rashes. Medical care may include anti-itch ointment and keeping the skin cool in an air-conditioned room.

Latex allergy is a condition where the body reacts to latex, a natural product derived from the rubber tree. The reaction can either be delayed and cause a skin rash or immediate, which can lead to anaphylaxis. Avoiding latex is the most effective way to prevent an allergic reaction.

Poison ivy, oak, and sumac contain a substance called urushiol, which causes a rash on people who come in contact with them. Symptoms and signs include a red, swollen, itchy, blistering, bumpy rash. Treatment involves rinsing the exposed area with water, taking antihistamines and over-the-counter pain medications, using topical treatments such as calamine lotion, and applying cool compresses.

Rosacea is a skin disease that causes redness of the forehead, chin, and lower half of the nose. In addition to inflammation of the facial skin, symptoms include dilation of the blood vessels and pimples (acne rosacea) in the middle third of the face. Oral and topical antibiotics are treatments for rosacea. If left untreated, rhinophyma (a disfiguring nose condition) may result.

During a skin biopsy, a piece of skin is removed under a local anesthesia and examined using a microscope. The different types of skin biopsy include shave biopsy, punch biopsy, and excisional biopsy. Skin biopsies are performed to diagnose skin growths, skin conditions, and skin cancers.

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An allergy skin test helps identify triggers for ones allergic reactions. Small amounts of allergy-provoking substances (allergens) are scratched into the skin. Redness and swelling develop if one is allergic to the substance. A positive allergy skin test implies that the person has an IgE antibody response to that substance. The test is rapid, simple, and relatively safe.

Stress occurs when forces from the outside world impinge on the individual. Stress is a normal part of life. However, over-stress, can be harmful. There is now speculation, as well as some evidence, that points to the abnormal stress responses as being involved in causing various diseases or conditions.

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